Brasilien: Keine Amnestie für Landräuber im Amazonas


19.05.2020
Im Dezember erließ Präsident Bolsonaro ein Dekret, das eine Art Amnestie für Landräuber im ganzen Amazonasgebiet vorsieht. Nach viel zivilgesellschaftlichem Protest wurde das Dekret mittlerweile in einen Gesetzesentwurf umgewandelt. Anlässlich der Abstimmung dazu, haben wir einen Brief an den Präsidenten des brasilianischen Kongresses gesandt, um unsere Sorge über die Auswirkungen eines solchen Gesetzes auf die weitere Entwaldung im Amazonas auszudrücken.

Die brasilianische Regierung, die alle erforderlichen Maßnahmen ergreifen sollte, um den Amazonas und diese Gemeinden mit der gebotenen Dringlichkeit zu schützen, handelt weiterhin gegenteilig: Sie toleriert kriminelle Machenschaften wie Landraub und Eindringen in indigene Gebiete, illegale Minen und illegalen Holzraub. Die Vorstöße der brasilianischen Regierung, die bisherigen Errungenschaften im Naturschutz für die Wirtschaftsinteressen der Agrarindustrie zu schwächen sind vielfältig. Im Dezember erließ Präsident Bolsonaro ein Dekret, das eine Art Amnestie für Landräuber im ganzen Amazonasgebiet vorsieht. Nach viel zivilgesellschaftlichem Protest wurde das Dekret mittlerweile in einen Gesetzesentwurf umgewandelt. Anlässlich der Abstimmung dazu, haben wir einen Brief an den Präsidenten des brasilianischen Kongresses gesandt, um unsere Sorge über die Auswirkungen eines solchen Gesetzes auf die weitere Entwaldung im Amazonas auszudrücken.

AN OPEN LETTER THE PRESIDENT OF THE CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES

Rodrigo Maia
Presidente da Câmara dos Deputados
Gabinete 5 – Ed. Principal
70160-900 Brasília – DF
República Federativa do Brasil
May 19, 2020

Dear Mr. Speaker Rodrigo Maia,

With this letter we, Members of Parliament, would like to express our utmost concern regarding the Brazilian government’s recent actions regarding environmental protection and human rights, especially, bill PL 2633/2020 – previously MP 910/2019 – which is up to a vote in the Brazilian congress this week. This bill and accompanying actions undermine the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals.

The Brazilian Public Ministry has vocally opposed the law, concluding that it would favor criminal organizations involved in illegal deforestation and armed conflicts. We understand this bill to be highly detrimental for the Amazon rainforest, since it will legalize huge areas of hectares of public land that have already been illegally occupied and cut down. Worse still, we fear it incentivizes further destruction of Amazon forests – our planet cannot afford this, especially not during a time of a global biodiversity and climate crises.

We are deeply worried that this bill comes amid drastically increasing deforestation. In the first four months of 2020, deforestation was 61 percent higher than in the same period last year. Deforestation within Indigenous territories in the Amazon is even higher, increasing by 64 percent compared to this point last year.

Biodiversity and a safe climate are foundational for our shared future and our development pathway must be within the world’s ecological limits. Actions that provoke more deforestation, impair the rule of law or human rights standards that keep deforestation in check, undermine a safe climate, the world’s biodiversity, and therefore should be contingent upon any trade agreements.

We are profoundly worried that the current environmental agenda of the Brazilian government – MP 910/ PL 2633 being one example, PL 191/2020 on mining in Indigenous lands another one – threatens our joint missions and endangers our future economic and trade relations, that we are committed to align with the Paris Climate Agreement, the Sustainable Development Goals and the respect for Human Rights.

It is with great concern that the current agenda of the Brazilian government disrespects these values that we are committed to uphold. The recent mission of troop patrols in the Amazon is distortive considering the extent that environmental monitoring agencies have had their budgets cut, staff reduced or relocated, and field offices closed. In some cases, staff have experienced political retaliation or threats from emboldened criminals.

We would like to consider Brazil our partner in a joint effort for a better world. A world that protects human rights, respects biodiversity, the climate, and supports thriving societies. More deforestation at the expense of human rights will not accomplish this. While our world is experiencing an unprecedented global pandemic, we all must act in the best interest of our present and of our future.

Yours sincerely,

Omid Nouripour, Member of the German Bundestag
Claudia Roth, Vice-President of the German Bundestag
Anton Hofreiter, Leader of the Alliance 90/The Greens parliamentary group in the Bundestag
Anna Cavazzini, Member of the European Parliament
Jürgen Trittin, Member of the German Bundestag
Katharina Dröge, Member of the German Bundestag
Bärbel Kofler, Member of the German Bundestag
Cem Özdemir, Member of the German Bundestag
Lia Quartapelle, Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Uwe Kekeritz, Member of the German Bundestag
Rossella Muroni, Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Paolo Lattanzio, Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Margarete Bause, Member of the German Bundestag
Reinhard Bütikofer, Member of the European Parliament
Yasmin Fahimi, Member of the German Bundestag
Allesandro Alfieri, Member of the Italian Senate of the Republic
Dieter Janecek, Member of the German Bundestag
Allesandro Fussachia, Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Barbara Hendricks, Member of the German Bundestag
Frank Heinrich, Member of the German Bundestag
Heike Hänsel, Member of the German Bundestag
Emanuele Fiano, Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Kai Gehring, Member of the German Bundestag
Erasmao Pallazotto, Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Steffi Lemke, Member of the German Bundestag
Sven-Christian Kindler, Member of the German Bundestag
Charlotte Schneidewind-Hartnagel, Member of the German Bundestag
Beate Müller-Gemmeke, Member of the German Bundestag
Gerhard Zickenheiner, Member of the German Bundestag
Stefan Schmidt, Member of the German Bundestag
Lisa Paus, Member of the German Bundestag
Markus Kurth, Member of the German Bundestag
Anna Christmann, Member of the German Bundestag